The Artibonite Delta is considered as one of the most important wetlands in Haiti. The area surrounding the Bay includes
mangroves and flat, tidal to semi-tidal lands which provide feeding habitat for hundreds of flamingos, shorebirds and migratory
birds. However, the area is at risk due to overfishing, destruction of the feeding and breeding habitats due to poor fishing
practices, soil erosion and pollution from agriculture and raw sewage.
Water Resource Issues:
Water Storage. Haiti possesses adequate rainfall and climatic conditions for a highly varied agriculture across
much of the country, however given the seasonal rainfall distribution, the absence of storage and supply structures for surface
or groundwater constrains crop and livestock production.
Water Market. No institutional basis exists for the emergence of a rural water market for most of rural Haiti.
Water Rights. Access to water is intertwined with land rights and the need to clarify responsibility for maintenance
Watershed Protection. Water sources are jeopardized by the lack of any private or public policy mechanisms to
counter massive negative externalities wrought by erosive upstream land use practices on downstream producers.
The Government's recent sectoral policy strategy aims first and foremost at water resource management of irrigable plains,
selected upland areas and targeted protection of surrounding watersheds. To support its efforts in this priority, the MARNDR
created an Agricultural Water Commission (Commission Hydro-Agricole) to guide its evaluation of investment needs
and responses and to serve as the technical counterpart for projects in this area.
The project aims to generate positive environmental and social impacts particularly through improved land tenure security,
protection of watersheds and the rehabilitation and eventual transfer of productive assets to local user associations.
The direct negative environmental impacts which may arise are those associated primarily with increased irrigation. These
include impacts on water availability and quality, erosion, salination, flooding and drainage deficiencies which may give
rise to waterborne diseases.
Natural resources: bauxite, copper, calcium carbonate, gold, marble, hydropower
Industries: sugar refining, flour milling, textiles, cement, tourism, light assembly industries based on imported
Industrial production growth rate: 0.6% (1997 est.)
Electricity - production: 672 million kWh (1999)
Electricity - production by source:
fossil fuel: 52.83%
other: 0% (1999)
Electricity - consumption: 625 million kWh (1999)
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (1999)
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (1999)
Agriculture - products: coffee, mangoes, sugarcane, rice, corn, sorghum; wood
Exports: $186 million (f.o.b., 1999)
Exports - commodities: manufactures, coffee, oils, mangoes
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